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桥牌真知灼见:桥牌格言/Tips/警语/叫牌法则 桥牌的真知灼见

#41 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-07, 22:09

在所有的扣叫工具中,最实用的就是顶底扣叫。


在所有的现代叫牌工具中,最有用的是splinter。


Max Hardy(麦克斯·哈代)
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#42 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-21, 05:53

叫牌法则:

除非你知道你的第二叫品是什么,否则免开尊口。


依据此格言,其推论是:同伴永远有可能应叫最差的花色!
比如:
你持有: 6 Q752 AQ97 KQ83.
你得开叫1吧,你是抱着一线希望,期望同伴应叫1;但是!同伴永远可能应叫的是1!这时你需要知道第二叫品是2C,依次描述牌情。
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#43 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-21, 19:22

A new suit at the three level is forcing.


三阶新花是逼叫


比如:

第一副


第二幅

第三副



第四副


大多数搭档牌手都定义为3是逼叫一轮。


例外:

第一副:


哈代方式:不逼叫。
第二副:

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#44 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-21, 19:35


Always play the card which you are known to hold.


永远要打已知所持的牌张。

最明显的例子是:当你坐庄是,不小心10掉在地上了,裁判让你把10放回牌里,这样你在没打10之前,不要考虑打J,9之类的牌张。
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#45 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-21, 19:52

Always play in the safest contract at the slam level.


  • 永远要打最安全的满贯定约。
  • 这应该永远是我们的目标,无论是队式还是双人赛。在双人赛上,为了获取更高分数,有的时候经不住诱惑冲向6nt,一般来说,这是一个危险的决定,除非你能计算出赢墩。在双人赛时,你需要顾及其它牌桌的因素:
  • 1-其它双人搭档会发现满贯吗?
  • 2-完成定约依赖于将吃吗?
  • 3-其它牌手使用其它不同的体系能发现吗?

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#46 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-21, 20:04


At teams, always play in the safest contract at partscore, game or slam.


在队式赛上,永远要打最安全的局部定约,进局和满贯!

在队式赛上,3Hmk和3Dmk没啥差异,就像6Hmk和6ntmk也是一样,但如果6H更安全,就应该选择6H定约。

在双人赛上,3nt常常是先于五阶低花进局的首选。


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#47 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-21, 20:29


Always cover an honour with an honour.
This is often wrong. It should be: "Cover an honour with an honour if it can promote a card in with your own or partner's hand"

永远用一张大牌盖过一张大牌。

其实这一格言常常是错误的,正确的应该说法是;如果有助于提升自己或同伴手中的大牌,永远用一张大牌盖过一张大牌。


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#48 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-21, 20:52

At teams, don't double a partscore between 2H and 4D unless you are sure to defeat it.

在队式赛上,不要轻易加倍介于2H与4D之间的部分定约,除非你有把握打宕它。



2X后,获得八赢墩,得分是670.相差悬殊。1ntX后,完成定约是180,不加倍是90分.相差不至于灾难。相比较一下4Xmk=790,相差不过170分。
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#49 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-22, 20:39

叫牌规则:


With a few exceptions responder should not rebid a 5-card suit unless opener has raised.


除了少数一些例外,应叫人不应重复再叫5张花色,除非开叫人加叫。



下列叫牌序列:






应叫人重复再叫自己的花色本应该表示6-9hcp,6张套。但是在这种情况下,重复再叫5张花色的理由是:因为我承诺第一应叫的花色是四张,所以我必须再叫,让同伴知道我的花色是5张。这听起来是合乎逻辑的。
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#50 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-24, 00:10

七法则:


当你的右手家阻击叫后,你也不知道同伴的牌力,或是如果同伴作过未能展示牌力的叫品,这是你不妨假设他有七点。

假设七点是一个中间值,这样将会使你避免过于激进或过于保守。

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#51 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-24, 00:58

规则:
当在某一门花色联手十张缺K时,飞的机会要比击落的概率更好一些。
在100副牌例:
飞的正确盖率:37次
击落的正确率:13次
不相关的概率:50次
这样,飞有2.85:1的幸运。
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#52 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-24, 01:30

关于桥牌格言的忠告:


每一个规则法则都存在例外情况。每一副桥牌也是不同的,所以在特定的牌面里依据上下环境的不同,这些经验法则必须永远重新审视:


在你盲目地遵循这些任意指导原则之前,聆听叫牌,观看明手,努力推算想象每一个人所有未见的牌面。








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#53 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-25, 01:50

When you find yourself in a hole, stop digging.


当你发现身处险境 ,应该停止掘进!




有时候,你和同伴未能发现花色配合,你持红花色,同伴持黑花色,这不一定意味着你应该定约无将,因为你无法从同伴手上获取赢墩,反之亦然。无将很可能是一场灾难(虽不总是,但发现第一。)
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#54 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-26, 10:26

如果你开叫2nt=均型20-21hcp,你的无将阶梯是:

12-14 HCP - 一阶开叫同伴应叫后再叫1NT
15-17 HCP - 开叫1NT
18-19 HCP 一阶开叫同伴应叫后再叫2NT
20-21 HCP - 开叫2NT
22-23 HCP - 开叫 2C 后再叫2NT

那么下面的一个叫牌序列是什么阶梯?一阶开叫同伴应叫后再叫3NT ,所持的一手牌是什么样子?


法则:这个特殊无将阶梯表示:有一个长低花套赢墩来源,在应叫人的花色常常是单张甚或空门,并在其它两门花色中有止张。
同时警告同伴不得随意改叫四阶高花进局,除非拥有极富自信长套。

好的情况:




最差的情况:


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#55 User is offline   madongjun 

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Posted 2013-January-27, 22:13

将牌是用来将吃的,不能简单的当成长套来应用。

不分情况只是清将,并不是一个好的方案。
一个牌手对将牌的应用能力,在一定程度上反映了他的桥牌素养和桥牌水平。
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#56 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-29, 02:09

Preferred Leads in Bridge against a Notrump Contract
When you're leading against a notrump contract, selecting the right opening lead offers you a chance to finish off the declarer. Check out these suggested leads:
1-The top of a three-card honor sequence: A from AKQx, K from KQJx or KQ10x, Q from QJ10x or QJ9x, and so on
2-The J from suits headed by the J109, J108, AJ10, or KJ10
3-The 10 from suits headed by the 1098, 1097, A109, K109, Q109, AK109, or AQ109
4-Your partner's unsupported suit: top of two cards, low from three or four cards
5-The fourth highest card from your longest suit

对抗无将定约的首先首攻方法:

1-三张顶张大牌次序:
AKQX---A;KQJX---K;KQTX---K;;QJTX---Q;;QJ9X---Q;等等。

2-J打头的花色:
J109, J108, AJ10, or KJ10 首攻J。


3-10打头的花色:
1098, 1097, A109, K109, Q109, AK109, or AQ109 首攻10.


4-首攻未支持的同伴花色:
双张首攻最大顶张,三张或四张时首攻小牌。


5-首攻自己的长套时,首攻第四张。





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#57 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-30, 02:28

Supporting your partnerís first bid major suit requires three or more cards in the suit; supporting any second bid suit requires four or


more cards in the suit.
Remember: A primary objective in bidding is to locate an eight-card or longer major suit fit between your hand and your partnerís.


支持同伴开叫的高花至少需要三张,而支持同伴的第二花色需要四张或以上。
记住:叫牌的主要目的就是寻找八张或更长的(高级)花色配合。
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#58 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-January-30, 19:02

对抗有将定约的首选首攻法


1-含两枚顶张或三枚大牌:


首选首攻K,比如:KQJx
或首选首攻Ace,比如: AKx(x)


2-首攻同伴的花色。

3-短套首攻:单张或双张里的顶张(非将牌花色)


4-首攻未叫花色:首攻双张里的单张;首攻三张里的小牌;首攻四张花色里的领头大牌;首攻三张小或四张小的顶张。


5- 首攻两套未叫花色中的较强的花色;但是,如果这门花色是Ace领头,则首攻另一套未叫的花色套。


6-如果你有四张将牌,首攻最长的未叫边花 。




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#59 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-February-02, 02:18

With two five-card suits: open with the higher ranking suit, respond
in the higher ranking suit, and overcall in the higher ranking suit. Do
not worry about which is the stronger suit.

You hold: ♠ x ♥ J10xxx ♦ AKQxx ♣ Kx

Open 1 ♥ , not 1 ♦. Respond 1 ♥ to an opening 1 ♣ bid and overcall 1 ♥ if the opening bid to your right is 1 ♣ .

当持有5-5双套时,选择开叫,应叫或争叫时,用较高级花色优先,不要担心哪一门花色更强!
比如,你持有:
:x

:J10xxx

:AKQxx

:Kx


那么,选择开叫,争叫和应叫时,都是1
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#60 User is offline   lycier 

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Posted 2013-February-04, 23:42

When the bid to your right is strong, a jump by you is weak; when the bid to your right is weak, a jump by you is strong.

If partner opens 1 and RHO doubles, a jump to 2 by you is weak. If RHO opens 2 (weak), a jump to 3 by you is strong.




当相对于你的右家叫品是强牌时,你的跳叫就是弱牌;
当相对于你的右家叫品是弱牌时,你的跳叫就是强牌;
比如:同伴开叫1,右家加倍,此时你跳叫2表示弱牌;
当右家弱牌开叫2,你跳叫3表示强牌。








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