# BBO Discussion Forums: Forcing or Not ? - BBO Discussion Forums

Page 1 of 1

## Forcing or Not ? New Minor Forcing auction

### #1TWO4BRIDGE

• Posts: 2,127
• Joined: 2010-October-21
• Gender:Male
• Location:Texas

Posted 2012-July-16, 20:09

1m - 1M
1NT - 2om
2M ( 3 cards M ) - 3M = forcing or just invitational ? ?

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
m = minor
om = other minor
M = Major
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

I think 3M is forcing showing at least 5 cards M because an invitational sequence would go:
1m - 1M
1NT - 3M

Also, I thought that ANY Responder rebid that goes BEYOND 2NT AFTER NMF is forcing.
However, I can't find any examples on the above NMF sequence in the few references that I have.

I also think that if 3M is non-forcing after NMF , the problem could be solved with 2-way check-back
where 2C! ( always ) are NF or invite auctions and 2D! ( always ) are GF:

1m - 1M
1NT - 2D!
2M - 3M ( GF, asking for cuebids )

What say you ?
Don Stenmark
TWOferBRIDGE
"imo by far in bridge the least understood concept is how to bid over a jump-shift
( 1M-1NT!-3m-?? )." ....Justin Lall

" Don't know anything about ZAR points, except that I don't need to know any more. " ....655321

" Did someone mention relays? " .... Zelandakh
0

### #2mike777

• Posts: 14,454
• Joined: 2003-October-07
• Gender:Male

Posted 2012-July-16, 20:19

0

### #3SteveMoe

• Group: Full Members
• Posts: 716
• Joined: 2012-May-17
• Gender:Male
• Location:Cincinnati Unit 124
• Interests:Family, Travel, Bridge Tournaments and Writing. Youth Bridge

Posted 2012-July-16, 20:19

I play that all 3+ level bids are game forcing after NMF. I also play that 1m-1M-1N-3M is invitational with a 6 card suit. The auction that goes through NMF with a 3M rebid shows GF and asks cuebids. I play that NMF guarantees 5+ major cards - I do not use NMF to find a 4-4 Spade fit after bidding 1 if I hold 4=4 in the majors.
Over 2-way you have a useful choice to make. Some want 2D to be all game forces. I find 2D is better used as a slam invitation that does not promise a 5-card M. We put Inv and Game limit hands through 2C.
"Carpe Liceor". Think - the first 90 seconds are more important than the next 7 minutes.
Be the partner you want to play with. Trust demands integrity, balance and collaboration.
Learning Points
Unit 124
Steve Moese
0

### #4Mbodell

• Posts: 2,385
• Joined: 2007-April-22
• Location:Santa Clara, CA

Posted 2012-July-16, 21:26

If you play 1-way nmf what sequences do you use for the following hands:

invite with 5 hearts
invite with 6 hearts
invite with 5 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades)
invite with 4 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades)
game forcing with 5 hearts
game forcing with 6 hearts
game forcing with 5 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades)
game forcing with 4 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades)
slam invite with 5 hearts
slam invite with 6 hearts
slam invite with 5 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades)
slam invite with 4 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades)

Maybe you don't care about some of these, but you can fit a lot more in with 2-way (at the cost of 2m not being natural). Also, how often does your rejected invites end up at the 3 level? Playing 2-way you can also fix that.
0

### #5aguahombre

• Posts: 10,208
• Joined: 2009-February-21
• Gender:Male
• Location:St. George, UT

Posted 2012-July-16, 23:42

TWO4BRIDGE, on 2012-July-16, 20:09, said:

1m - 1M
1NT - 2om
2M ( 3 cards M ) - 3M = forcing or just invitational ? ?

If 2M here, by opener, is also showing weakness within the 1NT rebid range ---and it should, when using 1-way NMF ---then, responder doesn't need to repeat the invite; he already has the information that opener is on the weak side.

Responder's choices with the fit established are to Pass, or to bid game ---unless SLAMISH.
3M is not only forcing, but demands cooperative cuebidding.
0

### #6Zelandakh

• Posts: 5,599
• Joined: 2006-May-18
• Gender:Male

Posted 2012-July-17, 01:44

If 2M only shows 3 cards in M then 3M is invitational, since this is how you shows an invite with 5 cards in M. The sequence 1m - 1M; 1NT - 3M shows a 6+ card invite. There are ways around this problem but that is the default. And yes, 2-way is one of the (better) potential solutions.
(-: Zel :-)
1

### #7aguahombre

• Posts: 10,208
• Joined: 2009-February-21
• Gender:Male
• Location:St. George, UT

Posted 2012-July-17, 03:00

Zelandakh, on 2012-July-17, 01:44, said:

If 2M only shows 3 cards in M then 3M is invitational, since this is how you shows an invite with 5 cards in M.

That would be true, if 2M is bid with all hands containing 3 cards in M. But, that is a very inefficient use of NMF. There are some quite good continuation structures available, all of which use 2M as dual information ---3 cards in the major AND in the lower range of the 1NT rebid. The Wittes method and the Hardy method are two of those, and they have been around for over 30 years...still quite effective, without need for 2-way NMF unless we tangle spades as the other major into the mix because we would bypass spades (or rebid 1NT with a singleton).
0

### #8Zelandakh

• Posts: 5,599
• Joined: 2006-May-18
• Gender:Male

Posted 2012-July-17, 03:47

aguahombre, on 2012-July-17, 03:00, said:

That would be true, if 2M is bid with all hands containing 3 cards in M.

As I wrote, there are ways around this problem. However, like it or not, when you agree NMF with a random partner they will almost certainly bid 2M whether they are min or max.

It sounds like you are arguing that NMF is better than 2-way here(?) To me, in most 5 card major systems it seems likely you get more from 2-way than NMF. If your opening bids are 5542 then the case for using NMF over 2-way diminishes further. That is a little more problematic in some Acol-ish systems after a 1 opening since one of the main advantages is the ability to reach a good minor suit partial when it is right.
(-: Zel :-)
0

### #9gwnn

• Csaba the Hutt
• Posts: 11,021
• Joined: 2006-June-16
• Gender:Male
• Location:Enschede, the Netherlands
• Interests:matching LaTeX delimiters :(

Posted 2012-July-17, 05:03

Depends on agreements if 2M just shows 3 cards and nothing about the strength of the hand, then 3M should be invitational. If 2M shows 3 cards and a minimum, then 3M should be forcing, but I would never agree to this because it just seems to beg a disaster to happen. Well, maybe we win 6 when slam doesn't make..
... and I can prove it with my usual, flawless logic.
George Carlin
0

### #10MrAce

• VIP Member
• Posts: 3,786
• Joined: 2009-November-14
• Gender:Male
• Location:Houston, TX

Posted 2012-July-17, 11:26

Am i missing something ?

There is only one auction that fits in your formula

1m--1
1NT--2
2...

Whether you play xyz or std nmf, 2 is NF, how can any subsequent bid after a nf 2 be forcing now when opener is limited ?
"People do not grow, they just learn how to act in public"

"Genius has its own limitations, however stupidity is boundless"

"gosh given your bbf manner would love to see your teaching LOL if i was a novice i'd be running a million miles from you" - Eagles123

Disclaimer: this post is not intended to offend anyone who spews constant drivel. --PhilKing (Stolen from Arend's sig)

0

### #11aguahombre

• Posts: 10,208
• Joined: 2009-February-21
• Gender:Male
• Location:St. George, UT

Posted 2012-July-17, 11:28

Other minor, Timo...not other major.
0

### #12kenrexford

• Unanimously Voted Best Bridge Theorist of the Year by BBO
• Posts: 8,862
• Joined: 2005-September-21
• Gender:Male
• Location:Lima, Allen County, North-West-Central Ohio, USA

Posted 2012-July-17, 11:46

FWIW, I think there is a huge benefit to adding in a conventional treatment in these auctions, namely a 2NT fit agreement slam move.

As an example:

1-1
1NT-2
2-2NT
Whether xyz or new minor forcing or whatever the heck form 2 is, Responder bidding 2NT in this sequence type as "We have a heart fit. I am slammish. Start cuebidding." is a HUGE gainer, IMO.
"Gibberish in, gibberish out. A trial judge, three sets of lawyers, and now three appellate judges cannot agree on what this law means. And we ask police officers, prosecutors, defense lawyers, and citizens to enforce or abide by it? The legislature continues to write unreadable statutes. Gibberish should not be enforced as law."

-P.J. Painter.
1

### #13neilkaz

• Posts: 2,855
• Joined: 2006-June-28
• Location:Barrington IL USA

Posted 2012-July-17, 13:31

Zelandakh, on 2012-July-17, 03:47, said:

As I wrote, there are ways around this problem. However, like it or not, when you agree NMF with a random partner they will almost certainly bid 2M whether they are min or max.

Yes, this is the problem and one of the many reasons I like XYZ but very few randoms know it.
0

### #14MrAce

• VIP Member
• Posts: 3,786
• Joined: 2009-November-14
• Gender:Male
• Location:Houston, TX

Posted 2012-July-17, 14:16

aguahombre, on 2012-July-17, 11:28, said:

Other minor, Timo...not other major.

Thanks, i knew i was missing something
"People do not grow, they just learn how to act in public"

"Genius has its own limitations, however stupidity is boundless"

"gosh given your bbf manner would love to see your teaching LOL if i was a novice i'd be running a million miles from you" - Eagles123

Disclaimer: this post is not intended to offend anyone who spews constant drivel. --PhilKing (Stolen from Arend's sig)

0

### #15TWO4BRIDGE

• Posts: 2,127
• Joined: 2010-October-21
• Gender:Male
• Location:Texas

Posted 2012-July-17, 16:57

kenrexford, on 2012-July-17, 11:46, said:

FWIW, I think there is a huge benefit to adding in a conventional treatment in these auctions, namely a 2NT fit agreement slam move.

As an example:

1-1
1NT-2
2-2NT
Whether xyz or new minor forcing or whatever the heck form 2 is, Responder bidding 2NT in this sequence type as "We have a heart fit. I am slammish. Start cuebidding." is a HUGE gainer, IMO.

Perfect !
( Now I know why you were voted best theorist by BBO ) .

What better use for 2NT than for Responder to agree that there is an 8+ card fit ( Responder holding MORE than 4 cards M ).
If Responder only had 4 cards M and invitational values s/he could have bid 2NT directly over 1NT:
1m - 1M
1NT - 2NT

Now my question is should 2NT ( after NMF and a fit ) show the GF or 3M be forcing ( slammish as per kenRex .. ) as in my original auction ?
Because it has been put to me by an expert that an invitational bid is needed by Responder ( after NMF ) to show 5 cards M and an say an 11 count.

So, maybe 2NT might be better used for the invitational hand with a fit and
3H as GF , asking for cuebids.

Summary:
1m - 1M
1NT - 3H = 6 card M, invite

1m - 1M
1NT - 2om! ( NMF )
2M - 2NT! = 5 card M, invite

1m - 1M
1NT - 2NT = 4 card M, invite

1m - 1M
1NT - 2om! ( NMF )
2M - 3M! = 5+ card M, slammish, commence cuebidding
Don Stenmark
TWOferBRIDGE
"imo by far in bridge the least understood concept is how to bid over a jump-shift
( 1M-1NT!-3m-?? )." ....Justin Lall

" Don't know anything about ZAR points, except that I don't need to know any more. " ....655321

" Did someone mention relays? " .... Zelandakh
0

### #16kenrexford

• Unanimously Voted Best Bridge Theorist of the Year by BBO
• Posts: 8,862
• Joined: 2005-September-21
• Gender:Male
• Location:Lima, Allen County, North-West-Central Ohio, USA

Posted 2012-July-18, 09:28

TWO4BRIDGE, on 2012-July-17, 16:57, said:

Perfect !
( Now I know why you were voted best theorist by BBO ) .

What better use for 2NT than for Responder to agree that there is an 8+ card fit ( Responder holding MORE than 4 cards M ).
If Responder only had 4 cards M and invitational values s/he could have bid 2NT directly over 1NT:
1m - 1M
1NT - 2NT

Now my question is should 2NT ( after NMF and a fit ) show the GF or 3M be forcing ( slammish as per kenRex .. ) as in my original auction ?
Because it has been put to me by an expert that an invitational bid is needed by Responder ( after NMF ) to show 5 cards M and an say an 11 count.

So, maybe 2NT might be better used for the invitational hand with a fit and
3H as GF , asking for cuebids.

Summary:
1m - 1M
1NT - 3H = 6 card M, invite

1m - 1M
1NT - 2om! ( NMF )
2M - 2NT! = 5 card M, invite

1m - 1M
1NT - 2NT = 4 card M, invite

1m - 1M
1NT - 2om! ( NMF )
2M - 3M! = 5+ card M, slammish, commence cuebidding

If the NMF could be invitational only (not present as a concern in xyz and similar approaches), then you are correct that an invite is needed.

If you are of the "game bash" school, use 3 for a general quantitative invite, 2NT as slammish, as that facilitates better and more complete cuebidding.

If you prefer science for game tries, 2NT as the game try makes sense, as this allows three of a minor (and maybe 3 if spades are agreed) to fine-tune game tries. You lose a bit on the slam moves.

A hybrid approach might be for 2NT to be a game try OR slam move, with Opener expected to make certain moves when accepting a game try to facilitate the "when its slam" situations. 3 then also serves some function, whatever you like. This approach would offer more detail to both slam and game sequences, at the cost of occasionally disclosing too much.

Obviously, balancing interests is the key.
"Gibberish in, gibberish out. A trial judge, three sets of lawyers, and now three appellate judges cannot agree on what this law means. And we ask police officers, prosecutors, defense lawyers, and citizens to enforce or abide by it? The legislature continues to write unreadable statutes. Gibberish should not be enforced as law."

-P.J. Painter.
0

### #17SteveMoe

• Group: Full Members
• Posts: 716
• Joined: 2012-May-17
• Gender:Male
• Location:Cincinnati Unit 124
• Interests:Family, Travel, Bridge Tournaments and Writing. Youth Bridge

Posted 2012-July-18, 20:43

Mbodell, on 2012-July-16, 21:26, said:

If you play 1-way nmf what sequences do you use for the following hands:

invite with 5 hearts - already did - implicit in the NMF call
invite with 6 hearts - responder jumps to 3, not NMF
invite with 5 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades) - Responder must rebid before showing heart fit.
invite with 4 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades) - raise to 2N - partner must bid 3S on way to game.
game forcing with 5 hearts - Rebid 2N over whatever opener rebids
game forcing with 6 hearts - NMF then rebid 3
game forcing with 5 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades) no NMF - Hearts then reverse into spades
game forcing with 4 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades) rebid 3N - This is why I prefer to rebid 1 Spade over 1 heart.
slam invite with 5 hearts - rebid 2n or higher over opener's answer
slam invite with 6 hearts - rebid 3H - cuebidding ensues.
slam invite with 5 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades) - start with reverse and make one more move
slam invite with 4 hearts and 4 spades (if you rebid 1nt even with 4 spades) - 4N?

Maybe you don't care about some of these, but you can fit a lot more in with 2-way (at the cost of 2m not being natural). Also, how often does your rejected invites end up at the 3 level? Playing 2-way you can also fix that.

The 2-way structure I prefer uses yrennalF 2/ responses for weak and invitational 5=4/5 hands and allows 1-1-1N-2 to be game forcing. I prefer the 2 call to be Slam Inv+ and not promise a 5 card+ holding in responder's major. Similarly I play the Major suit reverse as game forcing but not slammish (1-1-1N-). Since we Invite slam with , the trigger followed by 2N is a game force (see Ken Rexford's post).
"Carpe Liceor". Think - the first 90 seconds are more important than the next 7 minutes.
Be the partner you want to play with. Trust demands integrity, balance and collaboration.
Learning Points
Unit 124
Steve Moese
0